No. You have to be married for at least 1 year until you can start divorce proceedings. There is no way around it.
As soon as you have been married for 1 year, then you can start divorce proceedings and issue a divorce petition. These are the reasons for divorce that you can choose from (known as the divorce grounds).
But if you have been married less than 1 year and want to take action, what can you do then? These are 2 of the possible alternatives:
Nullity. This is not commonly available but do bear this in mind as a possibility.
Separation agreement. This is an excellent idea and can set out who eventually divorces whom and why and what the financial settlement will be. Doing this early on can often save significant Court costs and emotional upset later.