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Spotting the signs your child might not be coping with divorce or separation

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children and divorce.

Children are the unintended victims of divorce and separation in our society. Many parents we speak to are keen to minimise the impact of their separation on their children but don’t always know the signs to look for, or what to do about them. Child Developmental Psychologist Soila Sindiyo of Parenting Lives has provided this guest blog to help parents in these circumstances.

The effects of divorce or separation on children depend on what stage of development your child is at.

Children aged between 0 – 3 years are busy learning to trust, exploring their environment and are particularly sensitive to any tension in his or her environment.

Here are some signs that they may be not coping with the divorce or separation:

  • excessive crying
  • increased irritability, whining
  • increased frequency of temper tantrums
  • changes in sleep and eating habits
  • withdrawal or disengagement from their environment and those around them. 

The 3 – 9-year-olds are working hard in engaging with the outside world and are more aware of limits and boundaries.

Signs that they are not coping with the divorce of separation include:

  • increased need for parental care and attention, e.g. clinginess
  • an increase in or re-emergence of tantrums
  • regression in abilities and milestones recently achieved, e.g. tying of shoelaces, bedwetting (necessitating more parental care)
  • change in eating and sleeping habits
  • are very likely to see the divorce as their fault
  • difficulty in concentrating at school which may involve misbehaviour

Your 9 – 13-year-old is straddling the two worlds of home and community including school.  Any attachments outside the home, are intensified including those with grandparents, teachers and friends.  Be very vigilant with this age group as they are very capable of shielding their feelings, not only from you but also from themselves.

Here’s what to look out for:

  • an almost sudden rush to full-blown adolescents which they are not ready for
  • increased anger, aggression and rebellion
  • may withdraw into themselves and avoiding time with the family
  • difficulty in concentrating at school which may involve misbehaviour

Your 13 – 18-year-olds are busy rebelling, resisting and pushing boundaries – that’s their job. They are also on the precarious journey of identity formation. They are egocentric and self-absorbed.  Your divorce or separation may, initially, not elicit any openly visible reaction but this may come much later. 

Here’s what to expect:

  • an escalation in their complaints, criticisms and reproaches
  • unlike with the younger age group, they will more likely pull away than attach to you and the family as a whole
  • they may become carers to younger siblings or parent and become “too good”
  • more prone to delinquency, e.g. stealing, sexual promiscuity and alcohol and/or drug-taking
  • increased negativity
  • increased rage
  • a difficulty with school or peers
  • extreme withdrawal: depression, sustained unwillingness to communicate

At some point, you may find that your teenager asks to move in with the parent of the same gender.  This is not a reflection on you as a parent and neither is it a show of greater affection to the other parent.  What it comes down to, is gender identification – a developmental stage where the child needs to adopt the roles and values of his or her gender.

It is important to mention that not all children will exhibit the same signs following divorce and separation, not even those within the same family.  In addition, no child is known to have displayed all the effects of divorce.

If you are concerned about your child, do seek help and support as soon as possible.  This could be from other members of your family, friends or professional help. 

Guest blog by Soila Sindiyo, Parenting Lives
 

Soila holds an MSc in Psychoanalytic Developmental Psychology, is an accredited Positive Parenting Program practitioner and a trained Family Mediator. Soila is known for taking away the pain of trauma and loss in children, adolescents and their families.  Soila is also the founder of www.thedivorcemagazine.co.uk.

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