Securing your future before you marry with a prenup
Prenuptial agreements can provide a measure of certainty and the means of protecting pre-marriage assets, inheritance, and existing family commitments such as children from a previous marriage.
A prenuptial agreement is a document in which a couple set out their rights in relation to any property, debts, income and other assets purchased together or acquired individually (e.g., through inheritance), or that they have bought into a relationship.
Legally, once married these assets become matrimonial assets and, unless specifically protected, are thrown into a single financial pot. The primary purpose of a “pre-nup” will frequently be to limit the potential claims on the wealth of one of the parties to the marriage.
Anyone contemplating marriage should consider whether they need one.
For an initial chat about a Prenuptial Agreement call our family solicitors at Woolley & Co on 0800 321 3832 or complete our online form.
Do I need a prenuptial agreement?
Why you need a prenuptial agreement
Sian Winter, Divorce & family law solicitor Bicester
Years ago, prenuptial agreements were thought of as only for the rich and famous. There’s a lot of misunderstanding and mystery surrounding them, when really they are appropriate for regular clients. If you are in any one of the following situations a prenuptial agreement could be right for you.
I am thinking of getting married and want to protect my property in case it doesn’t work out.
I am about to marry for the second time and want to limit any potential claims on the settlement I received from my first marriage if things go wrong again.
I am a widow/er thinking of marrying again. I want to protect my assets in case things go wrong.
I am about to marry but worry that if things go wrong we could end up in a costly and lengthy argument about “who gets what”
I am about to marry for the second time but want to protect my assets to ensure I have something to leave in my will to the children from my first marriage if my new relationship breaks down.
What is a prenuptial agreement?
A prenuptial agreement is a document in which a couple set out their rights to any property, debts, income and other assets purchased together or acquired individually or that they have bought into their relationship if the relationship ends.
How do I get a prenuptial agreement?
If you have decided to marry don’t wait till the last minute make it a priority in your wedding plans. An agreement signed on the way to your stag or hen party is less likely to be upheld than one carefully thought out and signed a month or so before.
Both parties must take independent legal advice. This avoids accusations, further down the line if things go wrong, that undue pressure was put on one party or the other to sign the agreement. It also means that both parties can ensure that the party with the most to lose understands the nature and implications of the agreement they are about to sign.
Full disclosure of each party’s respective financial positions must be made prior to the agreement being prepared.
Think carefully about the terms and make the agreement as precise, clear and detailed as possible.
Think about and decide upon how you would deal with changes in circumstance that may arise during the marriage. For example, if you are thinking of having children, loss of employment, inheritances, pension provision, and the acquisition of further assets and what would happen in these instances.
Also consider putting in reviews of the agreement at agreed periods during the marriage, the length of the marriage can have a bearing on whether the agreement remains enforceable and regular reviews of the provision can help with this.
Can I get a prenuptial agreement without a solicitor?
Many of the people we speak to ask whether they can prepare their own prenup, hoping to save money or make the process easier for themselves.
In our view this is a dangerous course of action. As it stands at the moment prenuptial agreements are not legally binding documents, but if you want any hope of having a court take account of the wishes expressed in a prenup you need to make sure the agreement is prepared in a very particular way and that as many potential legal loopholes are closed as possible.
Without the advice of a legal expert you could fall into several traps when preparing a prenup. Under what conditions would you want to review the agreement, for example? How will the prenup take account of any future significant financial changes in your partner’s position? What about if you have children and one of you gives up work to look after them? These and many more considerations need to be taken into account if you are to prepare a binding prenup.
So, our advice is always to take advice from a family law solicitor who’s an expert in prenuptial agreements, whether you choose to have them prepare the agreement or not. And don’t, whatever you do pay for a templated self-completion prenuptial agreement. It is very unlikely to take account of your unique circumstances and achieve the result you are looking for.
Will a prenuptial agreement stand up in Court?
When you marry your assets become ‘matrimonial assets’ and, unless specifically protected can be considered for division between you within divorce proceedings. The main purpose of a prenuptial agreement is to limit the potential claims on the assets of one of the parties to the marriage and avoid costly litigation over “who gets what”.
At present a prenuptial agreement does not carry the same weight as a Court order and will not ‘automatically’ be upheld or enforced by an English or Welsh court in the event of a divorce and/or disagreement.
The courts do however take them seriously, as a prenuptial agreement is evidence of your intentions to one another in the event of your relationship breakdown and one of the factors that a court may consider when looking at all the circumstances of your case.
The Court will carefully consider things like:
Did the party with the most to lose understand the nature of the prenuptial agreement?
Did he/she have independent legal advice?
Was he/she under pressure to sign?
Was there full financial disclosure?
Would an injustice be done if the prenuptial agreement were upheld?
Call for an initial chat with one of our specialist prenuptial agreement solicitors on 0800 321 3832, or complete our online form and we will call you.